Media usage, media violence and the Nigerian Child

Adjeketa Blessing[1]

See authors' affiliations

[1] Department of Theatre Arts, Niger Delta University Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria, e-mail:




DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.8387830

This study examines media usage and the effect of viewing media violence on Nigerian children. Child violence has become massive in recent years. There is also the fear that it will be worse in the future. Many claimed that the rise of child violence emanates from the use of violent media. The objective of this study is therefore to examine the impact of electronic media use on some of the violent acts carried out by some Nigerian children. The study uses sociological and analytical methods. 70 questioners were printed and distributed to parents. 59 questioners came back but 2 were incomplete and were destroyed. 57 were used. The focus of the study is on children between the ages of 0-12. The study area is Sapele Delta State. The study finds that children between the ages of 0-6 love more of educational programs while children between the ages of 7 to 12 prefer films with violent content. Also, viewing violent films makes children develop aggressive and violent behaviour especially fighting and bully towards their friends. It is my recommendation that caregivers give closer attention to their children and reduce their engagement with violent media. This, no doubt, will help to reduce the rate of violent act among Nigerian children in the future.


Keywords: Child Development, Electronic Media, Environment, Nigerian Child, Violence.


Adjeketa, B. (2016). Animation films and child development in Nigeria. A study of Sapele, Delta State. Dissertation in the department of Theatre Arts, submitted to the post graduate school Delta state university.

Adeseye, B. (2012). Yoruba Ifa Lore as a Paradigm of communicating Popular culture in Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D.Thesis.TheUniversity of Abuja.

Afeez Hanafi (2022). No evidence Sylvester was tortured, bullied – Lagos CP. Punch, Accessed Jan 8. 2022

Anderson, D. Huston, A. Schmitt, K. Linebarger, D. & Wright, J. (2001). Early childhood television viewing and adolescent behaviour: The recontact study. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 1-147.

Brett, B. & Pilar, M. (2009). Adolescents and electronic media: growing up plugged-in. Connecticut Avenue. Washington DC: NW, Suite 350.

Cohen, J. & Weimann, G. (2000). Cultivation revisited: Some genres have some effect on some viewers. Communication report, (13), 2.

Farounbi, Y. (1983). Controversy within the dynamics of office politics. Ibadan: Labs Deroy Centre.

Farounbi, Y. (1977). Whither Nigerian Broadcasting. Ibadan: The Cheeley Management Services.

Gerbner, G., Gross, L., Signorielli, N. & Morgan, M. (1980). Television violence, victimization, and power. American Behavioral Scientist, 705-716.

Haydon, G. (2006). Values in education. London: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Ibagere, E. (1985). Television in Nigeria: The problem of communication. Unpublished M.A.Dissertation, University of Ibadan.

Ibagere, E. (1992). The Role of television in social and political development. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Ibadan.

Ibagere, E. (2009). Social development, television, and politics in Nigeria. Ibadan: Kraft Books Limited.

Ibagere, E. (2010). Introduction to African traditional communication system. Abraka: Delta State University Press.

Irele, O. (1999). The effect of television and drama on adolescent viewers. InIfie-Ebe (Ed.). Paper in Honour of DapoAdelugba @ 60. 239-248. Ibadan: End time publishers.

Nigeria Birth Rate 1950-2022.

Olusola S. and Kehinde O. (2014).Perceived influence of television cartoons on Nigerian children’s social behaviour.EstudosemComunicação nº, 17 -116.

Rowell, H. & Laramie, T (2006). The role of media violence in violent behaviour. Annual Review of Public Health. Vol. 27, 393-415.

Schmidt, M E. & Vandewater, E.A. (2008). Media and attention, cognition, and school achievement. Future of Children, 63-85.

Sell, M. A. Ray, G. E. & Lovelace, L. (1995). Preschool children’s comprehension of a “sesame street” videotape: The effects of repeated viewing and previewing instructions. Educational Technology Research & Development, 49-60.

Silverstein, B., Perdue, L., Peterson, B. & Kelly, E. (1986).The Role of the Mass Media in Promoting a thin Standard of Bodily Attractiveness for Women. Sex Roles,  (14), 519-532.

Williams, T. M. (1981). How and what do children learn from television? Human Communication Research, (7), 180-190.

Wilson .T. S. (2010). A study on the impact of computer animation on children in three cities of kerala (Calicut, Cochin &Tvm). Ph.D Thesis University of Calicut.