Assessing Indonesian college students’ reading stamina in reading different text formats

[1] Language and Curriculum Development Center, Universitas Teuku Umar, Indonesia, E-mail:

[2] Communication Department, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Teuku Umar, Indonesia, E-mail: – Corresponding Author.


Reading stamina, a term for someone’s ability to keep reading in one sit, is believed to be affected by the reading formats. Despite the crucial benefit of reading stamina for lifelong reading performance, it has not received much attention in literacy research. This study, thus, aims to find out the effect of reading formats (digital and print) on the reading stamina of college students. 70 Indonesian college students taking an English course were involved in this study. They were divided into two groups. 35 of them were asked to read a novel in digital format and the rest were asked to read a novel in print format for four-time meetings (30 minutes each). Their reading stamina was assessed through a reading behavior observation sheet. The students’ perception about their reading behavior was also collected through a self-reflection questionnaire adapted from Lynch (2018). The data obtained were analyzed quantitatively. The result showed that there was an increase in the students’ reading stamina for digital format from meeting one through meeting four, but a decrease in print format. Additionally, statistical analysis showed that there was a significant difference in the students’ reading stamina between those who read digital and print format (t (68) = 5.013, p < 0.05, d = 1.2). Regarding the students’ perception about their reading behavior, 69.20% of them mentioned that reading in print format was easier than reading digital format. These findings suggest that choosing appropriate reading format is pivotal for college students since abundant reading resources are available nowadays.   


Keywords: Digital, print, reading format, reading stamina


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